A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Participial phrases are sometimes misplaced in a sentence causing confusion.
Instructions: Rewrite the following sentences placing the participial phrases where they should be.
1. Carl served me a malt dressed in his new uniform.
2. We found our cat walking home from school.
3. I was stung by a bee pruning my trees.
4. They found an antique store looking for a place to eat.
5. The package was delivered by the mailman wrapped with red paper.
–For answers scroll down.
1. Dressed in his new uniform, Carl served me a malt.
2. Walking home from school, we found our cat.
3. Pruning my trees, I was stung by a bee.
4. Looking for a place to eat, they found an antique store.
5. The package, wrapped with red paper, was delivered by the mailman.
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