A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles and infinitives.
A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a noun. Eating is fun.
A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen.
An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.
Instructions: Find the gerunds, gerund phrases, participles, participial phrases, infinitives or infinitive phrases in these sentences, tell what kind of verbal they are, and how they are used.
1. Signs hung too high can’t be read.
2. You know my weakness, eating late at night.
3. Your weeping and wailing will not change a thing.
4. To decorate for the dance will cost too much.
5. Do you have a book to read?
–For answers scroll down.
1. hung too high is a participial phrase modifying the subject signs
2. eating late at night is a gerund phrase used as an appositive
3. your weeping/wailing are gerunds used as subjects
4. to decorate for the dance is a noun infinitive phrase used as the subject
5. to read is an adverb infinitive modifying the verb do have
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