Lesson 346 – Mechanics – Punctuation – Commas

Use commas to separate parts of geographical places. Example: Have you visited St. Louis, Missouri?
Instructions: Place commas where they are needed.
1. A neat place we visited was Custer Wyoming.
2. In Cody Wyoming there is an interesting museum.
3. I enjoyed the zoo in San Diego California.
4. We saw many bears in Waterton Alberta Canada.
5. The Black Hills are in South Dakota.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Custer, Wyoming
2. Cody, Wyoming
3. San Diego, California
4. Waterton, Alberta, Canada
5. no commas needed

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2018/01/lesson-346-mechanics-punctuation-commas.html

Advertisements

Quiz for Lessons 341 – 345 – Mechanics – Punctuation – Commas

Instructions: Place commas where they are needed.
1. Most graciously
2. Dear Madam
3. Do you live at 431 North 500 West West Valley Utah 84098?
4. My birthday party is March 1 1976 at the golf course.
5. Monday February 2 is the day the groundhog looks for its shadow.
6. I lived at 368 Maple Avenue for a week.
7. May 1 was our wedding day.
8. Max Blaser Sr. is their neighbor in Tampa Florida.
9. Did you see Tom Jones Jr. at 430 East Plum Erda Colorado 35096 while on vacation?
10. During August all the leaves turn colors in Springfield Minnesota.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Most graciously,
2. Dear Madam: (a business letter)
3. 431 North 500 West, West Valley, Utah 84098?
4. March 1, 1976, at
5. Monday, February 2,
6. (no comma needed – only one part)
7. (no comma needed – only one part)
8. Max Blaser, Sr., / Tampa, Florida.
9. Tom Jones, Jr., / 430 East Plum, Erda, Colorado 35096, while

10. Springfield, Minnesota

Next Lesson

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2018/01/quiz-for-lessons-341-345-mechanics.html

Lesson 345 – Mechanics – Punctuation – Commas

Use a comma after the complimentary close of a friendly or business letter. Example: Sincerely yours,
Instructions: Place commas where they are needed in these complimentary closings.
1. Very truly yours
2. Affectionately yours
3. Yours lovingly
4. Your best customer
5. Cordially
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Very truly yours,
2. Affectionately yours,
3. Yours lovingly,
4. Your best customer,
5. Cordially,

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in eBook and Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2018/01/lesson-345-mechanics-punctuation-commas.html

Lesson 344 – Mechanics – Punctuation – Commas

Use a comma after the salutation of a friendly letter. Example: Dear Fred,
Instructions: Place commas where they are needed in these salutations.
1. Dear Aunt Vi
2. Dear Sir
3. Dear Mother
4. Gentlemen
5. My choicest friend
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Dear Aunt Vi,
2. Dear Sir: (a business letter)
3. Dear Mother,
4. Gentlemen: (a business letter)
5. My choicest friend,

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2018/01/lesson-344-mechanics-punctuation-commas.html

A great eye for art

Q: I saw this the other day in the NY Times: “I love these African wood sculptures, and the antique Buddha head. You and your wife have a great eye.” That sounds odd! How can two people have “a great eye”?

A: Steven Kurutz, a Times feature reporter, made the comment in interviewing the “60 Minutes” correspondent Bill Whitaker.

The “eye” in his remark isn’t being used literally for one of the two organs of sight each of us is born with. In this sense, “eye” means visual discernment, taste, judgment, or appreciation.

The Oxford English Dictionary defines the usage this way: “The faculty of appreciation or judgement of visual objects (also situations, etc.), either in a particular context or for a specific quality.”

So a person—or a husband and wife who collect art together—might have “a great eye” for antiquities, for African sculptures, for design, or for anything else that’s visual.

The OED‘s examples of this usage date back to the 16th century. The earliest is about combat and the importance of being able to visualize the enemy’s position:

“There must be a speciall care taken in viewing by experience, & the eye of a soldior, the scituation which the enimie occupyeth.” (From Sir Edward Hoby’s Theorique & Practise of Warre, a 1597 translation of the Spanish of Bernardino de Mendoza.)

In this later example, the “eye” is possessed by more than one person, represented by “we.” It comes from James Beattie’s Dissertations Moral and Critical (1783):

“If we have any thing of a painter’s eye, we are struck with the waving lines that predominate so remarkably in his figure.”

And the two of us can never resist citing P. G. Wodehouse. This is from his novel Hot Water (1932): “House-broken husband though he was, he still had an eye for beauty.”

In most cases, one person is said to have “an eye” for something, but there’s no reason that two people can’t share “an eye.” That is to say, they can share the same faculty for visual appreciation.

There are many other usages in English in which “eye” is used in the singular to mean something other than the organ of sight.

The expression “to have an eye for [or an eye to] the main chance,” for instance, has been around for more than 400 years. The OED says the expression means “to have consideration for one’s own interests.”

The dictionary’s earliest example is from an Elizabethan drama, Robert Wilson’s The Three Ladies of London (1584):

“Trust me thou art as craftie to haue an eye to the mayne chaunce: / As the Taylor that out of seuen yardes stole one and a halfe of durance.”

This later example comes from Studies of a Biographer (1902), by Sir Leslie Stephen, who was Virginia Woolf’s father: “It … cannot be said that an eye for the main chance is inconsistent with the poetical character.”

The word “ear” has been used in much the same way. It’s often said of people who appreciate music that they have “a good ear.” This usage, too, has been around since the 16th century.

The earliest OED citation is from William Bonde’s The Pylgrimage of Perfection (1526): “In the psalmody … haue a good eare.”

And in this example, from William Hubbock’s Great Brittaines Resurrection (1606), both “eye” and “ear” are used this way:

“As the cunning eye in pictures, the skillfull eare in musicke discerneth more then the vulgar sort.”

Help support the Grammarphobia Blog with your donation.
And check out our books about the English language.

from Grammarphobia https://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2018/01/eye.html

Mary and me at the Eiffel Tower

Q: I often put captions above photos that I embed in emails, but I always have this problem: Should it be “Mary and me at the Eiffel Tower” or “Mary and I at the Eiffel Tower”? And why?

A: It doesn’t matter. Either caption is OK.

“Mary and me at the Eiffel Tower” and “Mary and I at the Eiffel Tower” are just verbless sentence fragments.

If you add a verb form, though, you do have to choose between “I” (a subject pronoun) and “me” (an object pronoun).

In the presence of a verb, the phrase “Mary and I” could be either a subject (“Mary and I are pictured at the Eiffel Tower”) or an object (“This photo shows Mary and me at the Eiffel Tower”).

We had a post on this topic back in 2009, when a reader questioned a caption in a photographic memoir by Gore Vidal.

Help support the Grammarphobia Blog with your donation.
And check out our books about the English language.

from Grammarphobia https://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2018/01/pronouns-in-captions.html

Lesson 343 – Mechanics – Punctuation – Commas

Use commas to set off the year in a date if three parts of date are given (month, day, year). Do not use commas if only two parts are given. Examples: I left May 23, 1958, at night. I know that July 1776 is an important date.
Instructions: Place commas where they are needed in these sentences.
1. Did you know that Thomas Jefferson died on July 4 1826?
2. On December 25 1961 I was in Brazil.
3. Their wedding day was June 24 1954 in Salt Lake City.
4. Where were you in November 1989?
5. On Friday August 14 1997 the accident happened.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. July 4, 1826?
2. December 25, 1961, I
3. June 24, 1954, in
4. no commas needed (only two parts)
5. Friday, August 14, 1997, the

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2018/01/lesson-343-mechanics-punctuation-commas.html